04 July 2019

The super-exploitation and oppression unleashed on the working class and oppressed people the world over by neoliberal imperialism are intensifying without any let up. In the absence of a revolutionary alternative, the various people’s movements that have sprung up across the Americas, Africa and Asia in recent years are now experiencing a lull or are not advancing forward. And of late, as is the case with India, a further shift in ruling class politics to the far-right has become more conspicuous. Consequently, ultra-right and reactionary regimes backed by neo-fascist, racist, xenophobic and religious fundamentalist ideologies have come to power in many countries. Strengthening of the repressive state apparatus and fascistic tendencies are visible in both imperialist and dependent countries. As a corollary of this, scramble for more avenues of investment, trade, strategic influence is intensifying inter-imperialist contradictions and manifesting as protectionist trade wars and geopolitical tensions in several parts of the world.

After threatening Venezuela with regime change, US imperialism led by Trump is attempting for direct military intervention in Iran even as US-sponsored Israeli attacks on Palestinian people in Gaza and elsewhere are mounting. US is engaged in boosting its arms export especially to its regional pillars like Saudi and India and is prying open markets wherever possible under threat of sanctions. One of the biggest-ever trade wars that is intensifying between the US and China, the two leading imperialist powers, starting with US imposition of $ 200 billion tariff hike on Chinese products, banning the access of Huawei (Huawei Technologies Co Ltd), the Chinese smart phone giant to US market (as well as non-US markets) followed by retaliatory tariffs on the part of China will have its repercussions at a global level. In addition to the termination of preferential trade treatment for India as per the GSP scheme with effect from the beginning of June, 2019, the US administration is reported to have threatened India with economic sanctions if it sticks to the October 2018 multi-million deal for purchase of S 400 Triumph Missile from Russia. At the same time, the Modi regime, as US’s strategic junior partner, is offering itself as a launching pad for Pentagon’s Indo-Pacific geopolitical machinations especially against China. 

Across the world, in general, far-right regimes are on the ascendance and neo-fascist forces are on the offensive. For instance, East Asia is transforming as a terrain of acute US-China strategic rivalry and trade friction. While China along with its Belt and Road Initiative is increasing its military muscle particularly in South China Sea, the US is strengthening its time-tested security alliances with Japan and South Korea together with revamping the “Quad” in alliance with key players in the region. The re-election of the right-wing government in Australia led by Scott Morrison defying poll prediction is another conducive factor in the US-led machinations in East Asia and Far East.

The Easter day church bombings carried out by suicide bombers belonging to National Thowheeth Jama’ath having suspected ties with IS has been a new development as far as South Asia region is concerned. Since Sri Lanka was never part of the anti-IS coalition, analysts have been quick in identifying the Sri Lankan attack as retaliation for the attack against Muslims in Christchurch, New Zealand, an argument questioned by the government there. At the same time, allegation that the perpetrators of this heinous crime had funding connections with Saudi has not yet been properly addressed.  And, whether the Sri Lankan Bombing was another ‘tragedy of great power conflicts’ over Indian Ocean needs to be explored further.

In Latin America, the so called “pink tide” pioneered by left-wing and progressive regimes that was sweeping the region in the first decade of the 21st century has now given way to what is called a “brown tide” led by neo-Nazi right-wing forces with a few exceptions in a few countries. A common thread of all trends of right-wing populism that is emerging in Latin America ranging from that of Jair Bolsonaro in Brazil  and Sebastian Pinera in Chile to Mauricio Macri in Argentina is the solid ideological backing that it receives from Christian evangelism. As a consequence, the Sao Paulo Forum led by progressive governments that supported the leftist parties and movements in Latin America is now facing considerable decline. Right-wing reaction is so well entrenched that a recent survey published by Intal/latinbarometro (digital magazine) found Church as “the most reliable institution” for the people whose confidence in it has grown to 65 per cent and that in political parties being just 15 per cent. No doubt, these regimes have become pro-US in their orientation.

This widespread shift to conservative politics in the West has its clear manifestation in Europe today. In the just concluded European elections, right-wing populism and far-right nationalism including the Brexit Party in UK got a boom in voter support. And many of these reactionary parties are also attempting to organise into a pan-European power bloc against workers, immigrants and sub-Saharan refugees from North Africa. Italy’s League, Germany’s AfD, Finns Party, Danish People’s Party, Austria’s Freedom Party, anti-immigrant Sweden Democrats, France’s National Rally, Spain’s far-right Vox Party, Estonia’s far-right Conservative People’s Party (EKRE), anti-immigrant Slovenian Democratic Party (SDS), Forum for Democracy (FvD) in Netherlands and so on are reportedly involved in this initiative.

To be precise, this right-wing offensive against the working class, the oppressed and broad masses of toiling people is also sharpening all the inherent contradictions of imperialism. Though an open military confrontation among the major powers is not imminent, in conformity with imperialism’s geopolitical interests, through local wars, threat of trade and currency wars, imperialism, especially US imperialism is expanding the markets for weapons and commodities, ensuring conditions for cross-border capital flows and sharpening the scramble for sources of raw materials and resorting to fascistisation everywhere.

Another important development is the intensification of global warming and climate change which are leading towards an ecological catastrophe. There are many resistance struggles coming up against it and we have to play an important role in these movements.

As we have emphasised in our Political Resolution for the 11th Congress, this grave international situation calls for timely and coordinated action on the part of M-L organisations and revolutionary parties from the perspective of proletarian internationalism linking it with the revolutionary intervention as required by the concrete realities in each country. Objective ideological-political evaluation of the bouncing back of right-wing forces and relative weakness of the progressive forces at a global level is an inalienable component of this task. We have to take up this as an important task in our work with ICOR. n

The Communist movement in India has a history of almost a century after the salvos of October Revolution in Russia brought Marxism-Leninism to the people of India who were engaged in the national liberation struggle against the British colonialists. It is a complex and chequered history.